Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

About

A familiar bird of many of our wetlands the moorhen is often seen on park lakes, ponds and rivers. They spend more of their time out of the water than their relative the coot and even climb trees. Moorhens are omnivores, eating everything from snails and insects to small fish and berries. When disturbed, it usually takes cover in nearby vegetation but when it does take to the air its flight is short and laboured. The ubiquitous moorhen offers a great opportunity to watch breeding bird behaviour: in the spring, the male swims towards the female with its bill in the water and the two birds eventually nibble at each other's feathers; both birds then build the nest out of twigs in emergent vegetation and defend it with ferocity.

How to identify

Moorhens can be distinguished from the similar coot by their olive-black backs (separated from their blue-black bodies by a white line), the white patches under the tail and their red bill which has a yellow tip.

Where to find it

Widespread.

Habitats

When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Although moorhens are common birds, their wetland homes are under threat from development, drainage and pollution. The Wildlife Trusts manage many wetland nature reserves for the benefit of the wildlife they support. You can help by supporting your local Trust and becoming a member; you'll find out about exciting wildlife happenings, events on your doorstep and volunteering opportunities and be helping local wildlife along the way.

Species information

Common name
Moorhen
Latin name
Gallinula chloropus
Category
Birds
Wading birds
Statistics
Length: 31-35cm Wingspan: 52cm Weight: 320g Average Lifespan: 3 years
Conservation status
Common.