A natural history of London - from the ice age to today

Frozen Thames, 1677Frozen Thames, 1677

Explore London's natural history...

Click on the links below to find out more about how London's natural landscape has changed over the centuries.

Ice Age to Middle Ages

Trade, power and climate change

The polluted Victorian expansion

From homes for heroes to green belts

Activism for change

Into the 21st century

Further reading