Erithacus rubecula


The robin is one of the most familiar birds of Britain, regularly visiting gardens and adorning Christmas cards every year. Robins are also common in parks, scrub and woodland, making their presence known with a loud, territorial song. They sing from prominent perches right through the winter, when both males and females sing and hold territories, and are fiercely territorial, driving off intruders and even fighting. During the breeding season the female is allowed into the male's territory where she sets up a nest of dead leaves, moss and hair. Nests often crop up in the oddest of places such as plant pots, old wellies and shelves but ivy and other shrubs are their natural choice.

How to identify

Unmistakeable: brown above with a white belly and a famously red breast. Young robins are mottled gold and brown with no red breast.

Where to find it



When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

You can help to look after robins and other garden birds by providing food and water for them - it doesn't matter if you have a big garden or live in a high-rise flat, there are plenty of feeders, baths and food choices out there to suit all kinds of situations. To find out more about encouraging wildlife into your garden, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started. To buy bird food or feeders, visit the Vine House Farm website - an award-winning wildlife-friendly farm which gives 5% of all its takings to The Wildlife Trusts.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Erithacus rubecula
Thrushes, chats, flycatchers, starling, dipper and wren
Length: 14cm Wingspan: 21cm Weight: 18g Average Lifespan: 2 years
Conservation status