Chub ©Jack Perks


Scientific name: Squalius cephalus
The silvery chub can be seen gathering in large shoals in lowland rivers and streams. It is a member of the carp family and looks very similar to the dace, but is larger and has redder fins.

Species information


Length: 30-40cm
Weight: up to 4kg
Average Lifespan: 14-20 years

Conservation status


When to see

January to December


A medium-sized fish, the chub is a member of the carp family. It can sometimes be seen swimming near the surface of rivers and streams, often in large shoals. Omnivorous, chub feed on invertebrates, small fish, fish eggs, plants and seeds. Spawning takes place in spring and summer, during which time, the female distributes her eggs among gravel and vegetation.

How to identify

A slender fish, the chub is greenish-silver in colour with reddish, rounded fins. It is larger than the dace and has redder fins; it is more slender than the roach.


Widespread in lowland England, but rarer in Wales and Scotland.

Did you know?

As they grow, chub become aggressive predators, eating fish, frogs and even small mammals.

How people can help

The Wildlife Trusts work with planners, water companies, landowners, statutory bodies and anglers to help make our waterways and waterbodies as good for wildlife as they are for people. By working together, we can create Living Landscapes: networks of habitats stretching across town and country that allow wildlife to move about freely and people to enjoy the benefits of nature. Support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.