Research and Reports

Our research into London's rich and varied wildlife

WildNet - Bob Coyle

Many research projects are undertaken by London Wildlife Trust, often in collaboration with other conservation organisations.

Click the links below to find out about our ongoing research, and reports we have recently published:

East London gardens and housing

Credit Jason Hawkes

London: Garden City?

A pioneering study of London's gardens, conducted in partnership with Greenspace Information for Greater London (GiGL), revealed that London's gardens - making up nearly a quarter of the capital - are changing from green to grey at a rate of 2.5 Hyde Parks per year. Hard surfacing, such as decking and paving, increased by more than a quarter during the eight-year study period. London Wildlife Trust's report highlighted the impacts of garden design and management on wildlife as an issue that needs to be addressed.

Read the report
Burgess Park

Burgess Park credit London Wildlife Trust

Spaces Wild

This report by London Wildlife Trust highlighted the importance of protecting wild spaces as a critical component of London’s green infrastructure. Across the capital more than 1,500 wildlife sites are recognised as Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCs), comprising almost one fifth of the city. The sites provide a vital home to many of the 13,000 species recorded within Greater London over the last 50 years.

Read the report
Heather Wimbledon Common

Heather Wimbledon Common credit Mathew Frith 

London’s Living Landscape: A call to restore the UK's battered ecosystems, for wildlife and people

To adapt to climate change, the UK’s wildlife will need to move along ‘climate corridors’ up and down the country, or to shadier slopes or cooler valleys. Wildlife has done it all before, after the last ice age, but this time the change is faster and there are unexpected obstacles: cities, motorways and expanses of hostile countryside.

Read the report
Stag Beetle

Stag Beetle credit Terry Whittaker/2020VISION

Stag Beetle Survey

The globally-endangered stag beetle is Britain’s largest land beetle, almost 8cm in length, and is easily recognised by the male’s distinctive antler-shaped jaws. But despite the decline of stag beetles, London remains a hotspot. Three sites – Epping Forest, Richmond Park, and Wimbledon and Putney Commons – are European Special Areas for Conservation for stag beetles. Researchers still don’t know why there have been relatively fewer sightings across north and east London.

Now, by encouraging the public to report their sightings, the Trust is helping researchers map the stag beetles' whereabouts and numbers

Find out how you can help stag beetles
Mining bee

Mining bee credit Mathew Rich

A buzz up top

A buzz up top aims to inspire and encourage anyone involved with the creation of green roofs and living walls, to include elements and features that benefit insects and other invertebrates. 

Green roofs and living walls are increasingly recognised as vital components of urban green infrastructure. They can perform essential ecosystem services to help mitigate the impacts of climate change in towns and cities, serve to provide more attractive and accessible roof surfaces, and importantly provide additional spaces to conserve biodiversity.


Read the report
Common darter dragonfly

Common darter dragonfly credit Ross Hoddinott/2020VISION

Dragonfly Detectives

Between May and September London’s streams, rivers and ponds light up with the dazzling, darting flight of dragonflies and damselflies.

These attractive and fascinating insects, collectively known as odonata, thrive where the water is clean and are a great indicator species of healthy ecosystems. However, little is known about their distribution across London.

As part of our Water for Wildlife project we published Today I saw a demoiselle; Dragonflies and damselflies of London, a guide ntroducing these magnificent insects and highlighting some of the best sites in London to spot them.

Order your copy of the guide

WildNet - Chris Lawrence

Peaty Finders

This report from London Wildlife Trust highlighted the rare but important bogs of London. Once common across large areas of England, such bogs are becoming increasingly scarce.

However, the Trust's bog-standard research found that the rare marsh violet can still be found in Shirley near Croydon; the beautiful, star-like flowers of bog asphodel still bloom in Bromley; and the lesser skullcap, pollinated by the long-tongued bee, can still be spotted in Wimbledon Common.

Read the report
Aerial view of green lawn and foliage at Clapton Park

A Cool Place to Live

The landscapes of most of London’s housing estates are poor for nature and also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. This report highlights the matters of concern and sets out the steps that can be taken to improve them for residents’ well-being.  It was produced for the Neighbourhoods Green initiative, advocating for the better inclusive and sustainable design, use and management of social housing landscapes.

please note this initiative has since closed.

Read the report
Living with rainwater illustration

Living with Rainwater

Living with Rainwater is a community guide to creating urban greenspaces for environmental resilience.

The Lost Effra Project empowered communities to create green landscape features to increase local climate resilience and improve neighbourhoods for people and wildlife. This is the project's introductory guide to creating household scale rain gardens, building green roofs, depaving and fitting rainwater harvesting.

An alternative version of the report with a focus on social housing is also available.

Read the report
Kestrel hovering

Hovering kestrel credit Steve Waterhouse

Kestrel Count

Kestrels are undergoing a long-term decline nationally, but population trends have also fluctuated. To find out about the numbers of these birds of prey in the capital, London Wildlife Trust launched its first Kestrel Count in 1988. This landmark survey found 400 nesting pairs, and sightings at iconic tall buildings including the Tower of London and Palace of Westminster.

A new Kestrel Count campaign is now being conducted in conjunction with Greenspace Information for Greater London (GiGL). Our latest survey will allow us to build up a picture of changes in kestrel numbers over the last 25 years.

Be a Kestrel Counter

small blue on kidney vetch by Tim Melling

All Change?: The status of biodiversity conservation in London

A new report published by London Wildlife Trust and Greenspace Information for Greater London, suggests that the conservation of nature and wildlife in London remains under threat.

The report is a summary of an audit undertaken during 2013 which looked at the status of nature conservation policies in local plans, the London Wildlife Site System, Biodiversity Action Plans and at a number of other issues affecting the conservation of the capital’s nature.

Read the report
Fallow deer, Richmond Park, London

Fallow deer credit Terry Whittaker/2020VISION

London's natural values: An ecological approach to greenspaces

Exploring benefits that can be gained from adopting an ecological approach to the design and management of London’s parks and greenspaces.
This would deliver sustainable solutions to challenges such as: flood management, reducing the adverse effects of microclimates, sustainable resource use, pollution control, coping with climate change and biodiversity conservation.
Case studies show how it is possible to tackle these issues in practical ways that make a real difference. The document also dovetails with emerging government policies that address sustainable communities and quality of life.

Read the report
Snake's head fritillary at Camley Street

Snake's head fritillary at Camley Street credit Joe Richomme

Brownfield? Greenfield? The threat to London's unofficial countryside  

In this report, we aim to demonstrate that urban wastelands are far from being wasted assets. They often support a rich array of wildlife and provide people living and working in urban areas with the opportunity to experience nature on their doorsteps. This is particularly important where public access to other local green open spaces is very limited. Brownfield sites (the term used by developers and planners to refer to previously-developed land) are often more natural and full of wildlife than many greenfield sites.

Read the report
River Lea

A natural legacy of the 2012 Games

London Wildlife Trust wants the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park to be rich in wildlife and accessible to all. The Olympic Park Biodiversity Action Plan is integral for the Park to become recognised as a site of importance for nature conservation  to embed a community-led conservation focus in this part of east London. 

Read the report
Volunteers at Welsh Harp

Volunteers at Welsh Harp credit Nicolo Gervasi

London's life-force: How to bring natural values to Community Strategies

This publication is about quality of life. It explains how the conservation of wildlife and the natural environment is linked to those issues which are mentioned most when people consider the wellbeing of their local community and condition of their local neighbourhood. It explores why these links are important and how the connections can be strengthened. It illustrates the benefits of integrating nature with initiatives related to health, housing, community cohesion, education, economic prosperity and the environment, and demonstrates these through case studies which are all London-based.

Read the report